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Nirmal Almara
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+ Version 3, 19 November 2007


+ Copyright (C) 2007 Free Software Foundation, Inc. <https://fsf.org/>

+ Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies

+ of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.


+ Preamble


+ The GNU Affero General Public License is a free, copyleft license for

+software and other kinds of works, specifically designed to ensure

+cooperation with the community in the case of network server software.


+ The licenses for most software and other practical works are designed

+to take away your freedom to share and change the works. By contrast,

+our General Public Licenses are intended to guarantee your freedom to

+share and change all versions of a program--to make sure it remains free

+software for all its users.


+ When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom, not

+price. Our General Public Licenses are designed to make sure that you

+have the freedom to distribute copies of free software (and charge for

+them if you wish), that you receive source code or can get it if you

+want it, that you can change the software or use pieces of it in new

+free programs, and that you know you can do these things.


+ Developers that use our General Public Licenses protect your rights

+with two steps: (1) assert copyright on the software, and (2) offer

+you this License which gives you legal permission to copy, distribute

+and/or modify the software.


+ A secondary benefit of defending all users' freedom is that

+improvements made in alternate versions of the program, if they

+receive widespread use, become available for other developers to

+incorporate. Many developers of free software are heartened and

+encouraged by the resulting cooperation. However, in the case of

+software used on network servers, this result may fail to come about.

+The GNU General Public License permits making a modified version and

+letting the public access it on a server without ever releasing its

+source code to the public.


+ The GNU Affero General Public License is designed specifically to

+ensure that, in such cases, the modified source code becomes available

+to the community. It requires the operator of a network server to

+provide the source code of the modified version running there to the

+users of that server. Therefore, public use of a modified version, on

+a publicly accessible server, gives the public access to the source

+code of the modified version.


+ An older license, called the Affero General Public License and

+published by Affero, was designed to accomplish similar goals. This is

+a different license, not a version of the Affero GPL, but Affero has

+released a new version of the Affero GPL which permits relicensing under

+this license.


+ The precise terms and conditions for copying, distribution and

+modification follow.




+ 0. Definitions.


+ "This License" refers to version 3 of the GNU Affero General Public License.


+ "Copyright" also means copyright-like laws that apply to other kinds of

+works, such as semiconductor masks.


+ "The Program" refers to any copyrightable work licensed under this

+License. Each licensee is addressed as "you". "Licensees" and

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+ To "modify" a work means to copy from or adapt all or part of the work

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+ A "covered work" means either the unmodified Program or a work based

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+ To "propagate" a work means to do anything with it that, without

+permission, would make you directly or secondarily liable for

+infringement under applicable copyright law, except executing it on a

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+public, and in some countries other activities as well.


+ To "convey" a work means any kind of propagation that enables other

+parties to make or receive copies. Mere interaction with a user through

+a computer network, with no transfer of a copy, is not conveying.


+ An interactive user interface displays "Appropriate Legal Notices"

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+feature that (1) displays an appropriate copyright notice, and (2)

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+ 1. Source Code.


+ The "source code" for a work means the preferred form of the work

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+ The "Corresponding Source" for a work in object code form means all

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+ The Corresponding Source need not include anything that users

+can regenerate automatically from other parts of the Corresponding



+ The Corresponding Source for a work in source code form is that

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+ 2. Basic Permissions.


+ All rights granted under this License are granted for the term of

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+permission to run the unmodified Program. The output from running a

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+ You may make, run and propagate covered works that you do not

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+ Conveying under any other circumstances is permitted solely under

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+ 3. Protecting Users' Legal Rights From Anti-Circumvention Law.


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+similar laws prohibiting or restricting circumvention of such



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+ 4. Conveying Verbatim Copies.


+ You may convey verbatim copies of the Program's source code as you

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+ You may charge any price or no price for each copy that you convey,

+and you may offer support or warranty protection for a fee.


+ 5. Conveying Modified Source Versions.


+ You may convey a work based on the Program, or the modifications to

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+ b) The work must carry prominent notices stating that it is

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+ c) You must license the entire work, as a whole, under this

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+ invalidate such permission if you have separately received it.


+ d) If the work has interactive user interfaces, each must display

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+ 6. Conveying Non-Source Forms.


+ You may convey a covered work in object code form under the terms

+of sections 4 and 5, provided that you also convey the

+machine-readable Corresponding Source under the terms of this License,

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+ a) Convey the object code in, or embodied in, a physical product

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+ Corresponding Source fixed on a durable physical medium

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+ b) Convey the object code in, or embodied in, a physical product

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+ long as you offer spare parts or customer support for that product

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+ copy of the Corresponding Source for all the software in the

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+ medium customarily used for software interchange, for a price no

+ more than your reasonable cost of physically performing this

+ conveying of source, or (2) access to copy the

+ Corresponding Source from a network server at no charge.


+ c) Convey individual copies of the object code with a copy of the

+ written offer to provide the Corresponding Source. This

+ alternative is allowed only occasionally and noncommercially, and

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+ with subsection 6b.


+ d) Convey the object code by offering access from a designated

+ place (gratis or for a charge), and offer equivalent access to the

+ Corresponding Source in the same way through the same place at no

+ further charge. You need not require recipients to copy the

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+ e) Convey the object code using peer-to-peer transmission, provided

+ you inform other peers where the object code and Corresponding

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+ A separable portion of the object code, whose source code is excluded

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+included in conveying the object code work.


+ A "User Product" is either (1) a "consumer product", which means any

+tangible personal property which is normally used for personal, family,

+or household purposes, or (2) anything designed or sold for incorporation

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+ "Installation Information" for a User Product means any methods,

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+and execute modified versions of a covered work in that User Product from

+a modified version of its Corresponding Source. The information must

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+code is in no case prevented or interfered with solely because

+modification has been made.


+ If you convey an object code work under this section in, or with, or

+specifically for use in, a User Product, and the conveying occurs as

+part of a transaction in which the right of possession and use of the

+User Product is transferred to the recipient in perpetuity or for a

+fixed term (regardless of how the transaction is characterized), the

+Corresponding Source conveyed under this section must be accompanied

+by the Installation Information. But this requirement does not apply

+if neither you nor any third party retains the ability to install

+modified object code on the User Product (for example, the work has

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+ The requirement to provide Installation Information does not include a

+requirement to continue to provide support service, warranty, or updates

+for a work that has been modified or installed by the recipient, or for

+the User Product in which it has been modified or installed. Access to a

+network may be denied when the modification itself materially and

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+ Corresponding Source conveyed, and Installation Information provided,

+in accord with this section must be in a format that is publicly

+documented (and with an implementation available to the public in

+source code form), and must require no special password or key for

+unpacking, reading or copying.


+ 7. Additional Terms.


+ "Additional permissions" are terms that supplement the terms of this

+License by making exceptions from one or more of its conditions.

+Additional permissions that are applicable to the entire Program shall

+be treated as though they were included in this License, to the extent

+that they are valid under applicable law. If additional permissions

+apply only to part of the Program, that part may be used separately

+under those permissions, but the entire Program remains governed by

+this License without regard to the additional permissions.


+ When you convey a copy of a covered work, you may at your option

+remove any additional permissions from that copy, or from any part of

+it. (Additional permissions may be written to require their own

+removal in certain cases when you modify the work.) You may place

+additional permissions on material, added by you to a covered work,

+for which you have or can give appropriate copyright permission.


+ Notwithstanding any other provision of this License, for material you

+add to a covered work, you may (if authorized by the copyright holders of

+that material) supplement the terms of this License with terms:


+ a) Disclaiming warranty or limiting liability differently from the

+ terms of sections 15 and 16 of this License; or


+ b) Requiring preservation of specified reasonable legal notices or

+ author attributions in that material or in the Appropriate Legal

+ Notices displayed by works containing it; or


+ c) Prohibiting misrepresentation of the origin of that material, or

+ requiring that modified versions of such material be marked in

+ reasonable ways as different from the original version; or


+ d) Limiting the use for publicity purposes of names of licensors or

+ authors of the material; or


+ e) Declining to grant rights under trademark law for use of some

+ trade names, trademarks, or service marks; or


+ f) Requiring indemnification of licensors and authors of that

+ material by anyone who conveys the material (or modified versions of

+ it) with contractual assumptions of liability to the recipient, for

+ any liability that these contractual assumptions directly impose on

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+ All other non-permissive additional terms are considered "further

+restrictions" within the meaning of section 10. If the Program as you

+received it, or any part of it, contains a notice stating that it is

+governed by this License along with a term that is a further

+restriction, you may remove that term. If a license document contains

+a further restriction but permits relicensing or conveying under this

+License, you may add to a covered work material governed by the terms

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+not survive such relicensing or conveying.


+ If you add terms to a covered work in accord with this section, you

+must place, in the relevant source files, a statement of the

+additional terms that apply to those files, or a notice indicating

+where to find the applicable terms.


+ Additional terms, permissive or non-permissive, may be stated in the

+form of a separately written license, or stated as exceptions;

+the above requirements apply either way.


+ 8. Termination.


+ You may not propagate or modify a covered work except as expressly

+provided under this License. Any attempt otherwise to propagate or

+modify it is void, and will automatically terminate your rights under

+this License (including any patent licenses granted under the third

+paragraph of section 11).


+ However, if you cease all violation of this License, then your

+license from a particular copyright holder is reinstated (a)

+provisionally, unless and until the copyright holder explicitly and

+finally terminates your license, and (b) permanently, if the copyright

+holder fails to notify you of the violation by some reasonable means

+prior to 60 days after the cessation.


+ Moreover, your license from a particular copyright holder is

+reinstated permanently if the copyright holder notifies you of the

+violation by some reasonable means, this is the first time you have

+received notice of violation of this License (for any work) from that

+copyright holder, and you cure the violation prior to 30 days after

+your receipt of the notice.


+ Termination of your rights under this section does not terminate the

+licenses of parties who have received copies or rights from you under

+this License. If your rights have been terminated and not permanently

+reinstated, you do not qualify to receive new licenses for the same

+material under section 10.


+ 9. Acceptance Not Required for Having Copies.


+ You are not required to accept this License in order to receive or

+run a copy of the Program. Ancillary propagation of a covered work

+occurring solely as a consequence of using peer-to-peer transmission

+to receive a copy likewise does not require acceptance. However,

+nothing other than this License grants you permission to propagate or

+modify any covered work. These actions infringe copyright if you do

+not accept this License. Therefore, by modifying or propagating a

+covered work, you indicate your acceptance of this License to do so.


+ 10. Automatic Licensing of Downstream Recipients.


+ Each time you convey a covered work, the recipient automatically

+receives a license from the original licensors, to run, modify and

+propagate that work, subject to this License. You are not responsible

+for enforcing compliance by third parties with this License.


+ An "entity transaction" is a transaction transferring control of an

+organization, or substantially all assets of one, or subdividing an

+organization, or merging organizations. If propagation of a covered

+work results from an entity transaction, each party to that

+transaction who receives a copy of the work also receives whatever

+licenses to the work the party's predecessor in interest had or could

+give under the previous paragraph, plus a right to possession of the

+Corresponding Source of the work from the predecessor in interest, if

+the predecessor has it or can get it with reasonable efforts.


+ You may not impose any further restrictions on the exercise of the

+rights granted or affirmed under this License. For example, you may

+not impose a license fee, royalty, or other charge for exercise of

+rights granted under this License, and you may not initiate litigation

+(including a cross-claim or counterclaim in a lawsuit) alleging that

+any patent claim is infringed by making, using, selling, offering for

+sale, or importing the Program or any portion of it.


+ 11. Patents.


+ A "contributor" is a copyright holder who authorizes use under this

+License of the Program or a work on which the Program is based. The

+work thus licensed is called the contributor's "contributor version".


+ A contributor's "essential patent claims" are all patent claims

+owned or controlled by the contributor, whether already acquired or

+hereafter acquired, that would be infringed by some manner, permitted

+by this License, of making, using, or selling its contributor version,

+but do not include claims that would be infringed only as a

+consequence of further modification of the contributor version. For

+purposes of this definition, "control" includes the right to grant

+patent sublicenses in a manner consistent with the requirements of

+this License.


+ Each contributor grants you a non-exclusive, worldwide, royalty-free

+patent license under the contributor's essential patent claims, to

+make, use, sell, offer for sale, import and otherwise run, modify and

+propagate the contents of its contributor version.


+ In the following three paragraphs, a "patent license" is any express

+agreement or commitment, however denominated, not to enforce a patent

+(such as an express permission to practice a patent or covenant not to

+sue for patent infringement). To "grant" such a patent license to a

+party means to make such an agreement or commitment not to enforce a

+patent against the party.


+ If you convey a covered work, knowingly relying on a patent license,

+and the Corresponding Source of the work is not available for anyone

+to copy, free of charge and under the terms of this License, through a

+publicly available network server or other readily accessible means,

+then you must either (1) cause the Corresponding Source to be so

+available, or (2) arrange to deprive yourself of the benefit of the

+patent license for this particular work, or (3) arrange, in a manner

+consistent with the requirements of this License, to extend the patent

+license to downstream recipients. "Knowingly relying" means you have

+actual knowledge that, but for the patent license, your conveying the

+covered work in a country, or your recipient's use of the covered work

+in a country, would infringe one or more identifiable patents in that

+country that you have reason to believe are valid.


+ If, pursuant to or in connection with a single transaction or

+arrangement, you convey, or propagate by procuring conveyance of, a

+covered work, and grant a patent license to some of the parties

+receiving the covered work authorizing them to use, propagate, modify

+or convey a specific copy of the covered work, then the patent license

+you grant is automatically extended to all recipients of the covered

+work and works based on it.


+ A patent license is "discriminatory" if it does not include within

+the scope of its coverage, prohibits the exercise of, or is

+conditioned on the non-exercise of one or more of the rights that are

+specifically granted under this License. You may not convey a covered

+work if you are a party to an arrangement with a third party that is

+in the business of distributing software, under which you make payment

+to the third party based on the extent of your activity of conveying

+the work, and under which the third party grants, to any of the

+parties who would receive the covered work from you, a discriminatory

+patent license (a) in connection with copies of the covered work

+conveyed by you (or copies made from those copies), or (b) primarily

+for and in connection with specific products or compilations that

+contain the covered work, unless you entered into that arrangement,

+or that patent license was granted, prior to 28 March 2007.


+ Nothing in this License shall be construed as excluding or limiting

+any implied license or other defenses to infringement that may

+otherwise be available to you under applicable patent law.


+ 12. No Surrender of Others' Freedom.


+ If conditions are imposed on you (whether by court order, agreement or

+otherwise) that contradict the conditions of this License, they do not

+excuse you from the conditions of this License. If you cannot convey a

+covered work so as to satisfy simultaneously your obligations under this

+License and any other pertinent obligations, then as a consequence you may

+not convey it at all. For example, if you agree to terms that obligate you

+to collect a royalty for further conveying from those to whom you convey

+the Program, the only way you could satisfy both those terms and this

+License would be to refrain entirely from conveying the Program.


+ 13. Remote Network Interaction; Use with the GNU General Public License.


+ Notwithstanding any other provision of this License, if you modify the

+Program, your modified version must prominently offer all users

+interacting with it remotely through a computer network (if your version

+supports such interaction) an opportunity to receive the Corresponding

+Source of your version by providing access to the Corresponding Source

+from a network server at no charge, through some standard or customary

+means of facilitating copying of software. This Corresponding Source

+shall include the Corresponding Source for any work covered by version 3

+of the GNU General Public License that is incorporated pursuant to the

+following paragraph.


+ Notwithstanding any other provision of this License, you have

+permission to link or combine any covered work with a work licensed

+under version 3 of the GNU General Public License into a single

+combined work, and to convey the resulting work. The terms of this

+License will continue to apply to the part which is the covered work,

+but the work with which it is combined will remain governed by version

+3 of the GNU General Public License.


+ 14. Revised Versions of this License.


+ The Free Software Foundation may publish revised and/or new versions of

+the GNU Affero General Public License from time to time. Such new versions

+will be similar in spirit to the present version, but may differ in detail to

+address new problems or concerns.


+ Each version is given a distinguishing version number. If the

+Program specifies that a certain numbered version of the GNU Affero General

+Public License "or any later version" applies to it, you have the

+option of following the terms and conditions either of that numbered

+version or of any later version published by the Free Software

+Foundation. If the Program does not specify a version number of the

+GNU Affero General Public License, you may choose any version ever published

+by the Free Software Foundation.


+ If the Program specifies that a proxy can decide which future

+versions of the GNU Affero General Public License can be used, that proxy's

+public statement of acceptance of a version permanently authorizes you

+to choose that version for the Program.


+ Later license versions may give you additional or different

+permissions. However, no additional obligations are imposed on any

+author or copyright holder as a result of your choosing to follow a

+later version.


+ 15. Disclaimer of Warranty.











+ 16. Limitation of Liability.












+ 17. Interpretation of Sections 15 and 16.


+ If the disclaimer of warranty and limitation of liability provided

+above cannot be given local legal effect according to their terms,

+reviewing courts shall apply local law that most closely approximates

+an absolute waiver of all civil liability in connection with the

+Program, unless a warranty or assumption of liability accompanies a

+copy of the Program in return for a fee.




+ How to Apply These Terms to Your New Programs


+ If you develop a new program, and you want it to be of the greatest

+possible use to the public, the best way to achieve this is to make it

+free software which everyone can redistribute and change under these terms.


+ To do so, attach the following notices to the program. It is safest

+to attach them to the start of each source file to most effectively

+state the exclusion of warranty; and each file should have at least

+the "copyright" line and a pointer to where the full notice is found.


+ <one line to give the program's name and a brief idea of what it does.>

+ Copyright (C) <year> <name of author>


+ This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify

+ it under the terms of the GNU Affero General Public License as published

+ by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or

+ (at your option) any later version.


+ This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,

+ but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of


+ GNU Affero General Public License for more details.


+ You should have received a copy of the GNU Affero General Public License

+ along with this program. If not, see <https://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.


+Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper mail.


+ If your software can interact with users remotely through a computer

+network, you should also make sure that it provides a way for users to

+get its source. For example, if your program is a web application, its

+interface could display a "Source" link that leads users to an archive

+of the code. There are many ways you could offer source, and different

+solutions will be better for different programs; see section 13 for the

+specific requirements.


+ You should also get your employer (if you work as a programmer) or school,

+if any, to sign a "copyright disclaimer" for the program, if necessary.

+For more information on this, and how to apply and follow the GNU AGPL, see